Top 7 Backend Programming Languages in 2022

Recently, we dwelled on the topic of top frontend programming languages. Now, let’s explore the other side of software development – backend programming languages. What are the top backend programming languages and the salaries of backend developers?

What is backend development?

Contrary to frontend developers, who are responsible for building customer-facing elements of the software, backend development focuses basically on everything the user cannot see. This includes designing all data-processing mechanisms, databases, application logic, APIs, servers, security measures and more.

Obviously, to build a fully functional application, backend developers must collaborate with frontend developers, architects, project managers and testers, and make sure that their layer efficiently responds to user requests deployed by frontend programmers.
According to Stack Overflow Development Survey 2022, 43.4% of developers are backend developers. That’s actually much more than frontend developers (26%). The average backend developer’s salary is $68.355 (median yearly salary in USD).

Top backend languages in 2022

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is undoubtedly a leader of backend languages. It has been the most popular language for 10 years in a row, with over 65% of developers using it. JavaScript is used widely in frontend development, but in recent years is used for backend development too. Node.js (a JavaScript runtime) makes that possible by providing backend functionality. The language offers a variety of useful and loved frameworks such as Jext.JS or Node.JS that make the programming process fast and enable scalability of the app and its integration with database engines such as MySQL, and MongoDB. According to the Stack OverFlow report the average salary of a JavaScript developer is $65.580. Based on our report “Prepare for the IT recruitment process in 2022“, the average salaries of JavaScript developers were as follows:

2. Python

In 2022, Python is the choice of 48% of developers. The language is pretty easy to learn and comes along with one of the best backend frameworks called Django which is secure, stable, fast, and scalable. However, there are also many more frameworks to choose from, which makes Python development so popular and accessible. Python is also compatible with AI and Machine Learning mechanisms and provides many tools designed specifically for these technologies. The Python developer’s average salary is $71.105. According to our report “Prepare for the IT recruitment process in 2022“, the average salaries of Python developers were as follows:

3. PHP

PHP is an open-source backend programming language created back in 1994. Despite the fact it’s one of the oldest languages in the pool, it has been frequently improved and updated, and not it’s one of the most flexible and easy-to-learn languages. It is also provided with widely used frameworks and CMS systems, such as Laravel, Symphony, and WordPress, and can be integrated with many other languages such as JavaScript, HTML, XML, and databases: MySQL, Oracle, SQLite, and more. The average salary of a PHP developer is $50.496. According to our report “Prepare for the IT recruitment process in 2022”, the average salaries of PHP developers were as follows:

4. Golang

Golang also called Go, is a fast-growing programming language designed by Google. Although it’s still a quite young language, it already reached the top 10 most loved programming languages in 2022. It is scalable, secure, and highly automated in terms of garbage collection or memory management. Moreover, it’s easy to learn and the written code is also easy to read. In addition, Google offers sufficient support. It’s one of the best-paying languages with an average salary of $89.204.

5. C#

C# is a general-purpose language created by Microsoft back in 2001. It is based on C and C++ programming languages, so it’s easier to learn it when you already have a basic understanding of those languages. It provides a fast compilation, scalability, and interoperability, and can be used in server-side development. It is provided with a large number of libraries that make coding more efficient and faster. The average C+ developer’s salary is $69.516

If you want to learn more about C# and .NET technologies or want to see what the job market looks like, we highly recommend our guide: “How to Hire a .NET Developer”. Among other things, you’ll find 6 effective tips, recruitment advice and insightful comments from experts.

6. Rust

Rust is a backend programming language used worldwide to build cross-platform solutions. It has features of C and C++ but is much more focused on memory safety. It’s fast, memory-efficient, and easily interacts with other languages. Although still not very popular, with only 9.3% using it, it was the most loved programming language in 2022. The average salary of a Rust developer is $87.047, which makes it one of the top paying backend programming languages.

7. TypeScript

Although the language is still relatively new (it was created in 2012), some research predicts that it already has the potential to outperform JavaScript. As it is actually compiled to JavaScript though, it can be applied anywhere JavaScript can, in both frontend and backend. 73.5% of developers claim that they want to continue working with TypeScript, which makes it one of the most loved languages. The TypeScript developer’s salary is $70,276.

IT job market in Poland

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